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REPUBLIC OF DALTON
We, the citizens of Dalton, in order to establish a state governed under the principles of justice and democracy and ensure a heritage of liberty and equality for ourselves and our posterity, do hereby enact the
CONSTITUTION OF DALTON
I. INTRODUCTORY Provisions
The name of the State shall be Dalton and the form of government thereof shall be a Republic. All power shall be inherent in, and derive from, the citizens of the State and may not be exercised without their consent.
The territory of the State shall be inseparable and unalienable and its borders may not be altered without the consent of the State Congress. The State shall not lay claim to any territory or property subject to the jurisdiction of a friendly foreign state. The terriory of Dalton shall exist only on land owned by the government, as well as territory in Antarctica which is not controlled by a foreign government. The Antarctic terrtitory of Dalton shall be an overseas territory of Dalton.
The coat of arms of the State shall consist of a shield charged with Mount Çaskrahan (Roseberry Topping) in dark blue. A medium blue field below shall be charged with a Daltonese Cross, as well as three peaks to the top. The heraldic supporters shall be brown eagles, and the motto banner shall be dark blue. Two gold flag poles toppped with a Fleur-de-lis shall stick out in opposite directions on the top of the shield, each flags pole shall fly the Daltonese flag.
The flag of the State shall be a rectangular vertical tricoluor of red, blue and white, with a black rooster facing left in white field. The flag may have gold fringing or tassels if desired. A civil flag without the rooster may also be used for the sake of sipmplity.
The official langauges of the State are English, Daltonese and Mirolian. English shall serve as the primary language for communication between the government. Daltonese and Mirolian shall serve as cultural languages, all national sybmols which include mottos shall be in Daltonese.
II. Civil Rights
Everyone shall be equal in the eyes of the law and enjoy equal protection. No person shall be deprived of their rights, or discriminated, because of their age, sex, colour, language, nationality, religion, belief or any other personal feature.
Everyone shall be entitled to freely speak and write, express their religion and adhere to their national heritage as long as they do not violate the rights of others, insult their dignity or damage their property.
Everyone shall enjoy the safety of their life and property. No person may be subject to torture, slavery, forced labour or any other cruel or inhuman treatment. Nobody may be deprived of their property without a fair compensation.
Everyone shall enjoy the privacy of their life, property and means of communication. No involuntary search or seizure may ever take place without a warrant, which shall be issued by the (President?) only upon probable cause that a crime is or was present.
Every person shall enjoy the freedom of movement, residence and peaceful assembly. Everybody shall be entitled to associate for all purposes which are not punishable by law and enjoy the right to address petitions to the President.
Everyone shall enjoy the right to obtain the citizenship of the State. Citizenship shall be granted by (the President?) and may be involuntarily taken away for various reasons stated in the citizenship act.
III. Passage of Laws
New laws shall be enacted, and those in force amended and repealed by the (Parliament?).
Every citizen shall enjoy the right to request a referendum from the President and vote thereon. Every voter shall be entitled to cast a single vote. A measure shall be passed if the majority of the citizens have voted therefor.
The President shall schedule the referendums requested by the citizens. The President may schedule one on his own, but may vote only in order to break a tie.
The President shall promulgate the laws passed by the Parliament. The President may not refuse to promulgate a law because he did not vote therefor.
IV. State Congress
The State Congress shall be a governing body convened from time to time in order to elect the President and set the policies of the State. All citizens shall enjoy the right to attend the sessions of the Congress.
The President shall be elected to serve a term of one hundred days. The candidate receiving the most number of votes shall become President. In the case of a tie, new ballots shall be held for the candidates receiving an equal number of votes until one of them is elected. Every citizen over the age of 14, who's been a citizen for over 3 months shall be eligible to serve as President.
The President shall convene the Congress, preside over its sessions and take care that the decisions thereof are faithfully executed. No decision may be adopted unless it has received the consent of the majority of the attendees.
The President shall, with the advice and consent of the Congress, ratify international treaties, recognise and appoint ambassadors to foreign states and determine the duties and tenure of other public servants. He shall, also, confer medals and rewards.
Every citizen shall be entitled to impeach the President to the Congress if he is feared to have breached the Constitution or the law in the performance of his duties. If the Congress finds him guilty, he shall be dismissed from office.
If the President is ill or otherwise absent, the Vice President shall act on his behalf until he returns to office. When the President is dismissed from office, or has resigned, the same citizen shall act as President until the end of the term.
V. Redress of Grievances
The Minister of Justice shall appoint a certain number of judges who shall hear the trials brought for the redress of grievances arising out of the breaches of the laws of the State.
Every person shall be entitled to appeal any damage, infringement of their rights and other breaches of law to (the judge?). Every crime victim shall enjoy the right to an effective remedy appropriate to the suffered injustice.
Nobody shall answer for any activity which is not a breach of law nor be subject to a punishment not prescribed by law. Nobody shall answer for any activity committed in self-defence nor be subject to the death penalty as punishment.
All persons accused of a crime shall be entitled to be confronted with the case against them at a fair and public trial without undue delay. They shall be given a fair chance to defend themselves without having to say, do or confess to anything. They shall be presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond reasonable doubt.
The judge shall be independent during the course of a trial and bound only by the Constitution, the laws of the State and his conscience. No pressure or other influence may be made neither on his verdicts nor on the trial as a whole.
The judge shall render his verdicts in the name of the people. All verdicts shall be binding from the day they are rendered and may not be appealed or overturned.
The State state shall not possess the power to execute criminals as a form of punishment.
VI. Principles of Constitutionality
The Constitution shall be the supreme law of the State. All laws enacted and policies set by the citizens shall be in accordance with the Constitution. Nobody may be above the Constitution or the laws of the State.
The President shall render the correct interpretation of the Constitution and coordinate the policies of the State with the provisions thereof. He shall declare a law void if it is not in accordance with the Constitution.
The President shall exercise his duties conscientiously and impartially. The President shall regularly inform the State Congress about the overall conditions within the State and recommend the consideration of necessary measures.
The laws of the State shall be published and come into force on the day on which they are promulgated by the President. The law may not prescribe any measure which may not be accomplished or have retroactive effect.
No taxes shall be levied, nor any money thereby collected spent, except in a manner provided by law. Futhermore, no war may be fought, nor an army assembled, nor may the State enter into an association, without the consent of the State Congress.
VII. Concluding Provisions
Only the Parliament shall have right to amend the Constitution. If at least two thirds of (the citizens?) voted in favour of the proposal, the Constitution shall thereby be amended.
The Constitution shall become effective on the day it is enacted on a referendum by the votes of the majority of the citizens and may not be suspend